Global Health Travel Blog

UNC Gillings students share their global field experiences around the world.

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Hustler Nation & the Jack of All Trades

Visiting new places in Mauritius – Participating in Medical Camps

The island of Mauritius had no indigenous population. People from many countries settled in Mauritius during Dutch, French and English occupancy, and gained their independence in 1968. With land as their only natural resource, the strong development of Mauritius is quite a feat. Currently one of the most competitive economies amongst African nations, Mauritius has successfully diversified its economy to include a manufacturing industry, banking and tourism. Part of this success comes from Mauritians having a “hustling” spirit. With their sacrificial and entrepreneurial attitude, they have been able to create a thriving nation.

This is also this same spirit that has permeated my internships during the last six weeks. When I arrived at local agencies to complete my practicums, the intention was for me to strengthen their monitoring and evaluation processes. However, I have had a chance to gain experience in a variety of settings partly because one needs to be a jack of all trades in Mauritius. This is especially relevant in the non-profit sector, as staff often have to fulfill many roles because of the lack of funding. For about two years now, the Government of Mauritius has mandated that all for-profit organizations contribute most of their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) money to a national fund which is then distributed yearly amongst certain NGOs across the island through a competitive application process. The creation of a National CSR Fund was a way to address many concerns that NGOs (or Civil Society Organizations) were facing, such as:

  • Lack of focus on poverty alleviation and assistance to vulnerable groups
  • Lack of transparency in the allocation of CSR funds by companies
  • Difficulty in accessing funds by deserving NGOs
  • Lack of proper monitoring and evaluation of CSR programmes and activities
  • The proliferation of NGOs in order to obtain funds

Previously, NGOs were able to obtain funds directly from corporations — by law, corporations must give 2% of their profits back to society. The transition to this new way of operation has created or exacerbated certain challenges for NGOs. Many of them have had to reduce operations because of lack of funds, while others saw only part of their programmes funded. Both of the NGOs that I work with have had to dedicate more time and resources to securing funding. This has put a strain on existing staff who are attempting to serve in multiple capacities.

Talking about (dis)abilities

In my case, I was fortunate to be able to put my skills as both a social worker and a public health practitioner to use. I ended up acting as a project manager for a programme that empowers individuals with disabilities (the actual project manager was recruited to organize the Indian Ocean Island Games, an international competition that takes place every 4 years in July). Within the context of the empowerment programme, I was also able to facilitate employability training sessions for youth with disabilities and provide them with mental health support. I contributed to an advocacy session on ending child marriage in Mauritius. And interestingly enough, both of the NGOs that I am currently working with have decided to collaborate on a call for proposal, so I am now also grant writing.

Youth with disabilities taking part in employability training

This mode of operation can be challenging at times, since I am never sure how my day will unfold. I am learning to be flexible when I can, and have become creative in terms of when and where I do my work. This has led me to drive to many places in Mauritius that I had never been to. I have also discovered which coffee shops have the best combination of coffee, music level, pastries and WiFi connection — the basic requirements of any hustler nation.

Free services at Medical Camps – prosthesis adjustments and reparations

– Yovania

Salamat, Philippines

Guest blogger, Areej Hussein, undergraduate student in nutrition

Typical fruit vendor in the streets of Cebu city where the infamous and tasty Cebuano mangoes are sold.

As a recipient of the Class of 1938 Summer Abroad Research Fellowship, I had the opportunity to travel to the Philippines this summer to explore my Honors thesis research topic: the impacts of early childhood malnutrition on young women’s reproductive health and childbearing. I traveled to the Philippines extremely nervous at first because I had never done anything like this before. Deciding to spend two months in a country I had never seen before to pursue a research project was something that challenged my comfort zones. Nevertheless, I was excited to embark on this journey where I could meet new people, learn new things, and experience a new way of life.

While there, I was mentored by amazing researchers from the Office of Population Studies Foundation (OPS) at the University of San Carlos in Cebu, whose Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS) is a collaboration with UNC’s Carolina Population Center. My OPS mentor, Ms. Josephine Avilla, has been extremely supportive and a pivotal part of this research project.  Without her guidance and connections, this would not have been possible. My research included engaging in focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with young Filipina women on topics related to relationships and childbearing decisions, an effort to contextualize my quantitative data analyses.

The participants of the focus group were women from Ritazo, a community-based initiative run by women in an urban poor neighborhood in Mandaue City, Philippines. These talented women take scraps of materials donated to them by a furniture company and turn them into beautiful bags and merchandise to generate a source of income for themselves and families. These women, in addition to raising children and maintaining their homes, were earning money for their families and taking on leadership roles in their community. I am forever grateful to these women who trusted me enough to share stories of their livelihoods as they participated in this research project.

In addition to the focus group discussion, I conducted in-depth interviews with young women most of whom work as research assistants at OPS. Unlike the women of Ritazo, these women were closer in age to me and it amazed me how much I was able to relate to them in these interviews. These interviews felt more like conversations I was having with my friends rather than a research-participant style of interaction. These conversations were also insightful and brought to light many themes that would add perspective as I am analyzing the quantitative data. I am currently drafting a detailed summary of my findings, including these themes, intending to disseminate this information to all of the women who participated in this study. I strongly believe that the goal of research should be to benefit the community who graciously agreed to take part in it and who without the research would not exist.

During my stay, I also had the opportunity to attend a two-day data analysis workshop led by my professor and mentor Dr. Linda Adair. This workshop brought together researchers from different institutions across the Philippines to discuss data dissemination and analysis for a national population study carried out by OPS as an effort to better understand the “Filipino child”. It was inspiring to witness the excitement in the room for this kind of work and how invested these researchers were in bettering their country. In this workshop, I also heard stories about research field workers risking their lives to obtain research data. These dedicated researchers would travel to some of the most inaccessible and dangerous parts of the Philippines manually collecting data using pen and paper, which then students and researchers, like myself, have the convenience of accessing on a computer with just a click of a button. Learning about the risks involved in data collection and witnessing the effort that goes into editing and coding the data in the OPS office made me appreciate the research data more.

Akong Pamilia (“my family”) –celebrating my birthday at the office. OPS

While the purpose of my trip was to conduct research, what I gained was far more valuable than data. Here I gained a family that made me feel more at home than an outsider! Many greeting me with “Assalamu alaikum” (a greeting that Muslims use translating to “Peace be Upon you”) even when they were not Muslims themselves was one of the many ways that people tried to welcome me. I also gained a small glimpse of a beautiful culture that embraces everything that is love and community! I gained stories of resilience and faith that left me more than inspired! During a time where I longed to go home to Sudan but could not because of the political unrest, the Philippines became my home! I saw my people in their hospitality and their love for one another! I had an extremely positive experience and I am forever grateful to Dr. Linda Adair, the Class of 1938 Fellowship, and Honors Carolina for their immense support throughout this experience and making it possible!

Beautiful waters of Moalboal,Cebu, Philippines.

In addition to research, I had the opportunity to experience island hopping and explore as much as I can of this beautiful archipelago.

– Areej

The importance of a dream team

Standing outside of the rural health clinic in el Progreso after doing interviews one morning.

I came down to Galapagos worried about what my level of support was going to look like while on the island. I knew the internet wasn’t great and that cell service was spotty, so I was expecting the worst. I wasn’t wrong about my lack of access to wifi but what I found was an awesome research team to support us through our project. I’ve decided in this blog to introduce you to some of our team members, and explain how integral their role was throughout our entire data collection process.

1. U.S. Based Research Team: Our U.S. based research team has been incredibly helpful in this project. First, Dr. Clare Barrington is the principal investigator and thus, knows how everything should work. She was able to visit Galapagos for 10 days while we were doing the study, and organized important meetings with directors, healthcare providers, and community members. Her ability and knowledge of exactly who and how we should work with individuals is spot-on, and I was able to learn so much from her. For example, we were given a hospital tour on one of our first days, where we were introduced to every single physician (there are over 15 working in the hospital and health center!), taken to every single part of the facility including labs and x-ray machines, and then we arrived to the health center. Clare immediately realized that three physicians we were introduced to would be key in our project and immediately stopped them to explain our project and set up a time to further discuss. Her ability to act and know at that moment who we needed to be in contact with was key to getting the study started. Similarly, Humberto Gonzalez Rodriguez, a project coordinator for Clare’s research team, and my preceptor, visited for 10 days. His skill set was incredibly valuable, as he assisted in motivating the team with daily starbursts, encouraging us during times of uncertainty, and directing with every qualitative research related question we had. The guidance of the U.S. based team was incredible and invaluable- and working so closely with Clare and Humberto taught me a great deal about qualitative field work.

Humberto Gonzalez Rodriguez, Yearly (a rural nurse who was incredibly helpful in recruitment!) and myself at a patients property in the rural area of el progreso. Humberto executed an interview with this participant literally “in the field” while the family was collecting fruits and veggies to sell.

2. Physician and Nursing Ecuadorian team: Because of a MOU between the Galapagos Science Center (a joint center between UNC and USFQ- an Ecuadorian University) we were able to directly recruit and work through the local hospital and ministry of public health. We came across an amazing team of passionate doctors, health promoters, and nurses that were focused on their patients and willing to help us at all costs. They made us a list of diabetic patients, walked with us door to door, and organized appointments for us. Their team gave us constant feedback about our project and how different things would be received within the community. They walked us through rural sites, returned to houses three and four times if patients weren’t home, all while patiently answering all questions we had about their work and the healthcare system. Without this amazing team of healthcare workers, this project would not have been possible! We even were able to celebrate the hard work by providing the team with a cake on our last day together. The engaging community collaboration for the project was an awesome example of community assisted research.

Leading a preliminary results dissemination meeting for physicians and healthcare directors from the ministry of health for Galapagos.

3. Our Research Assistant, Paulina: Paulina was suggested to us as a research assistant by a previous UNC project that worked with her last year- and what an incredible suggestion it was! Paulina was born in Machala, Ecuador, a coastal city of the mainland, but her father moved to Galapagos over 20 years ago. She lived on and off in the islands growing up, but ended up staying in Galapagos when she met her husband 15 years ago. Now, she is studying environmental administration, but works with health projects on the side. After having experience doing surveys in a previous position, we were excited to encourage Paulina to execute interviews and assist with transcribing for our project. Paulina picked it up quickly and was a great interviewer! She is a hard worker, passionate about Diabetes, and loves working with her community. Paulina helped our project from every single aspect and quickly became my closest friend on the island. We even got to travel to another island, Santa Cruz together! I’m incredibly grateful for Paulina and excited to be able to work with her on the analysis portion of this project.

Paulina and myself during our weekend vacation trip to Santa Cruz!

4. Galapagos Science Center: It was amazing being able to work on a research project with an already existing research center. The GSC has infrastructure for projects like ours, and when it came time to meet with hospital directors and coordinators, the team at GSC was quick to assist and encourage us to make meetings with a variety of local leaders. The GSC team coordinated our offices and meetings, helped me learn how and where to print, helped us make coffee on long afternoons, and even coordinated dissemination events for us to be able to share our results with the community. Without the GSC team, our process of completing this project would have been incredibly difficult.

Through this summer research opportunity, I’ve learned the importance of key members working together in a team, and the cooperation of everyone to execute a successful project. While I have officially returned to the United States preparing to gear up for my last year of my MPH, I will continue to work on this research project and with Paulina and the community throughout the upcoming year to analyze the data we were able to collect. I learned a great deal from our research team, the community, and about life on an island while I was there, but I’m grateful to be back with my dog and family! Either way, the connections made in Galapagos are lasting and I’m grateful to have had the amazing opportunity to do research in such a unique setting with such a collaborative community.

Dr. Trajano Mediavilla (diabetes doctor), Myself, Paulina, before a radio show organized by the Galapagos Science Center team where we were able to discuss diabetes on the island and our research project, disseminating research directly to the community.

Paulina and I in the health center with Katty, a community health promoter who works both in the rural area and the city and was a major and key help in our ability to complete this project and recruit participants.

– Hunter

My last weeks in Kisii, Kenya

The remainder of my practicum in Kisii with Curamericas Global was a whirlwind. Since I was only in Kenya for one month, things moved very quickly in order to complete my projects on time. My first week was spent preparing for my qualitative research studies – writing research questions, preparing interview guides, and randomizing participants for my focus groups. I also visited and toured the Matongo Health Centre and familiarized myself with the facility and its services. In addition to beginning my projects, I enjoyed exploring Kisii. I familiarized myself with the local market to purchase fresh produce, located a grocery store for my other dietary staples, and determined the most efficient route to the KIKOP office at the Ministry of Health.

The maternity ward at Matongo Health Centre in Kisii, Kenya.

Focus group discussions began during my second week in Kisii. I quickly realized that my results would be richest if the focus groups were conducted in the local language by KIKOP staff. I held a qualitative research “crash course” for the KIKOP staff to familiarize them with the process of a qualitative study and the most important things to know about facilitating focus groups. Since I held about 10 focus groups during my practicum, I was extremely grateful for the willingness of the KIKOP staff to assist with my studies and facilitate the focus groups.

Davis and Esther, two KIKOP staff members, facilitate a focus group discussion with traditional birthing attendants in Matongo.

Following data collection came transcription. Local volunteers transcribed the focus group discussions into English for me, and I began data analysis shortly thereafter. Thus far I have completed analysis of transcripts for one of my studies – operational research on what constitutes a culturally appropriate birthing space and care at Matongo Health Center in Kisii. The preliminary results have been very informative and fascinating to read about, and I am looking forward to seeing the space that is designed as a result of my findings.

Life in Kisii was certainly challenging at times and different from my life back in the U.S., but it was a good learning experience. The KIKOP staff were helpful, members of my focus groups were welcoming, and I learned a lot from experiencing such a different culture. As I reflect on my month in Kisii, I feel grateful for the opportunity to experience life in a city so different from my hometown. I will always look back on my time here with gratitude and deep respect for all the individuals I worked with and will remain optimistic that they are able to obtain the positive health outcomes that Curamericas Global and KIKOP are working so hard to achieve.

– Dana

Farewell (for now) Lusaka

Traditional Chitenge Dress I Had Made for a Bridal Shower

It is hard to believe that my time in Lusaka, Zambia is already coming to an end and I have to say, while there are reasons I am excited to return home, I am not too eager to leave the life I have started to create here. The local community in Lusaka is very supportive, inclusive and genuine and is full of interesting professionals which I am glad I had the chance to meet. I am grateful for the opportunity to mingle with people working at some of the leading international development and global health agencies such as the United Nations, the Ministry of Health and the CDC at a weekend braii (what we would call a barbeque or cookout) and to be able to talk to them about their work and experiences living in Zambia and other parts of the world.

While it took some time, I feel like I have adapted to the more laid-back lifestyle in Zambia and have enjoyed that fact that it is less stressful than back home. I can understand why I have met so many people who moved to Lusaka for what was supposed to be a few months or a year and have now been here for multiple years, some over 20. There does not seem to be the same sense of competitiveness and hurry that I often find myself caught up in while living and working back in the States. Now, there have been times I wished for a greater sense of urgency; like when we were without running water for a week because of a broken pipe, or sitting in the dark for four hours a day while the electricity was turned off, or stuck on the side of the road for hours at night because our bus broke down. Back in the States, moments like these would have thrown a wrench into my entire day and launched me into action to try and rectify what are, at the end of the day actually pretty minor, inconveniences. But here I find myself, more often than not, finding humor in these situations, doing what I can to change my routine but otherwise, accepting these are things I have no control over. I believe I am leaving Lusaka more relaxed with greater patience and a stronger ability to accept the things I cannot control.

Victoria Falls

At work, I feel that I have learned so much about the healthcare system in Zambia and am better able to understand problems the local healthcare system faces. I am leaving with many things to think about in terms of my potential role in developing solutions to strengthening local healthcare systems in low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC). My work in Zambia had me at the University Teaching Hospital almost every day and while most of my time was in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or the research office, I also spent time in the delivery ward (witnessing my first birth!) and the Kangaroo Mother Care unit. I had the opportunity to speak to many professionals who have been a part of the healthcare system for years. I have spent most of my time here collecting and analyzing data related to neonatal health outcomes in order to quantify the cost of care for preterm births. I was keenly interested to learn how the hospital collects and analyzes data in order to report statistics, primarily on patient outcomes, to the local government and Ministry of Health. This was a great opportunity to see the challenges faced in collecting quality data on health outcomes and how this data is used (or not used) to drive decision making.

Overall, my time in Zambia has been wonderful and I feel that I have grown both personally and professionally. I have learned to be more flexible and adaptable and how to overcome obstacles that came up during our research, critically thinking about how to course-correct and move forward. I also feel I have greater appreciation of the importance of understanding the local context when working in different communities. I gained the most insight when I took the time to observe and listen to others, and put my initial assumptions and opinions aside.

Sunset Over Zambezi River

It seems almost surreal that my time here is almost up and soon I will be back in class at UNC but I am sure that I will return to Zambia again.

– Taylor  

¡Adios, Guatemala!

“You just missed it, she gave birth while you were in the bathroom.” This is what one of the Casa Materna managers, Michelle, shared with me during one of my barrier analysis survey trainings in Tuzlaj, Guatemala. She assured me that I hadn’t actually been in the bathroom that long (which was a relief) and that the birth had happened a lot faster than anyone had expected. I was extremely lucky to share half of my experience in Guatemala this summer with fellow Gillings Student Emily Berns, who joined me moments later. Before we entered the room to visit the mother and newborn, Michelle told us that the girl who had given birth was thirteen years old. Having never seen a birth before, I began to feel fortunate for my poorly-timed bathroom break. This was one of many surprises that this summer held, including playing multiple games of dreidel with the staff and finding Philadelphia cream cheese in the rural highlands!

It rained most days in Calhuitz, but one day we were rewarded with a rainbow!

After completing a barrier analysis training at three different Casa Materna locations, I had some down time. I was able to observe the nurses at the Casa Materna as they did some routine prenatal consultations. Despite a slight miscommunication at first (the word for ultrasound in Spanish “ultrasonido” sounds a lot like the word for United States “estados uniods” when said quickly and made for some strange context clues), I was able to observe my first ultrasound. The nurse, Anne, told me to feel the woman’s stomach to see if I could tell what position the baby was in. I’m not a nurse, so touching this woman’s stomach felt strange and like I might offend her in some way, but she smiled at me and told me it was alright. I felt around blindly until I found a hard area, which Anne told me was the baby’s head. She then drew a small picture of the position of the baby on a form which she used for the rest of the consultation. Anne took out a small tablet-like laptop to begin the ultrasound and determined that the woman was 8 months pregnant.

In the United States, medicine is a very private matter. But in Guatemala, it’s a family affair. The exam room was only separated from the entrance to the Casa Materna by a curtain. In the sectioned off area for the exam room was the woman, the nurse, me, the woman’s three children, and her mother. “Look, that’s the baby’s leg” Anne said to the woman’s daughter who was watching the ultrasound intently, trying to decipher what was darkness and what was her future sibling. I was impressed how Anne had effortless made this a teachable moment and included this child in the experience. It was extremely powerful to see and I felt very lucky to have been there to experience this moment with this family.

Flore a “mujer de apoya” (helper woman, who is similar to a doula) at the Casa Materna getting a woman’s signature before beginning the barrier analysis questionnaire.

In addition to observing nurses in the clinic, I was able to go into the field with some of the community health educators to watch them survey women in the communities. Using records kept at the Casa Materna, the educators were able to identify women who reported using a method of family planning, so that’s where we started. This was an effective way to identify potential participants, but meant that women who may be using a modern method of family planning but did not already have children would probably be excluded from our sample size. As frustrating as this was, I understood that due to staff capacity, this was just a limitation that I would have to accept. Sometimes we would get to a house and a woman wouldn’t be home or it would turn out her child was too young to participate. Since exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life is a form a contraception, we decided to only include women who had children older than 6 months to ensure that she was she was using a modern method of family planning. Due to the size and close-knit nature of the community, we were also able to ask women if they knew of any other women who might be able to participate and use snowball sampling to find other participants. This allowed me to get a glimpse into the lives of the women who we were surveying and better understand what everyday life in Calhuitz was like. I also got to see a lot of kids chasing around chickens, pigs, and pigeons, which is always fun.

A goodbye photo with a few comadronas (midwives) from the surrounding communities and some of the Curamericas Guatemala staff who lent me a gorgeous huipil and corte for the picture. Can you spot me?

I am still in awe of the efforts by the staff to complete these surveys. It was a close call, but on my second to last day in Calhuitz, I received the last of the 96 surveys that we needed for the barrier analysis. Although the analysis and recommendations were supposed to be finished in Guatemala, as with most field work, we had a few setbacks that changed our timeline. Instead, I will be completing my analysis back in the US and will make a presentation to staff on the findings in order for us collaborate on recommendations in mid-August. I am deeply appreciative to the Curamericas Guatemala staff for their patience with this new type of study, their willingness to include me into their daily activities, and their politeness when eating my first attempt and making tortillas by hand.

¡Gracias y hasta pronto!

– Kay

Once in a lifetime learning experience

Guest blog post by Caroline Nelson, MPH-RD student, Kenan Foundation Asia Joan Gillings Public Health Intern

This summer I’ve had the opportunity to live in Bangkok, Thailand for ten weeks to participate in the Kenan Foundation Asia Joan Gillings Public Health Internship in Asia NextGen Healthy Aging Program. Though challenging at times, this internship has been a once in a lifetime learning experience that I am very thankful to have accomplished.

When I arrived in Bangkok, I was rather nervous to spend ten weeks in a completely new environment, surrounded by a different language, culture, and way of life . This soon changed once I was introduced to the incredibly warm and kind people that make up this beautiful country. As soon as the other interns and I entered the Kenan Foundation Asia office on our first day, we were immediately welcomed with open arms. My preceptor, nicknamed K. Pop, has been very supportive of this educational experience, and has included me on several important projects and events.

My favorite event was a community health event that took place in the Khlong Toei community of Bangkok. This district contains some of the largest wealth gaps in Bangkok and a goal of the Kenan Foundation Asia is to improve health disparities for refugees and lower socioeconomic citizens. This event was led by community leaders and change agents who are working to provide better public health resources to their elderly neighbors. Thailand will be a super-aged society by 2030 and the geriatric population already is struggling with obesity, type two diabetes, and hypertension, so Kenan is aiding communities in preventative healthcare education. The community leaders led aerobics classes, meditation sessions, provided blood glucose and blood pressure checks, and massages. It was very informative to observe this health event and see how engaged the community is on their collective health. Participating in this event helped me realize that listening to the community and understanding their personal needs is more impactful than instilling one’s own desires or goals as an outsider.

Khlong Toei Community Health Event sponsored by the Kenan Foundation Asia. Pictured are community leaders and their families, Kenan employees, and the Khlong Toei district representative.

My main project as an intern is to create a Health Literacy Training Event for key change agents in Khlong Toei. This falls under the Pfizer Healthy Aging Project in which Kenan has focused on providing preventative interventions to the super-aging population in Thailand.

When we are not in the office, the other interns and I travel around Southeast Asia. So far, I have visited Laos, Cambodia, and various cities in Thailand such as Phuket, Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, and Ayutthaya. The other interns and I get along very well, and we have enjoyed traveling throughout the area together.

(L-R) Jack Deering, Andrea Prego, Jessie La Masse, Alexa Young, Caroline Nelson, Catherine Sugg. All are UNC students interning with the Kenan Foundation Asia. Alexa and Caroline are master’s Students at Gillings and the others are undergraduate business students at Kenan-Flagler. Here we are visiting the temple ruins of Ayutthaya in Thailand.

Here we are attending the ASEAN SMEs Regional Conference on Health Tourism in Bangkok. These are various employees of the Kenan Foundation Asia, including the President, K. Piyabutr Cholvijarn. We are making the Korean hand sign known as the ‘mini chi’, aka small heart, that is very popular in Bangkok.

(L-R) Catherine Sugg (Undergraduate Business Intern), Caroline Nelson (MPH Nutrition Intern), Alexa Young (MPH Health Behavior Intern).
Here we are attending the WATS conference in Bangkok.

– Caroline

From Thailand to India to Home

It’s been a whirlwind of a summer so far! About a week after my last exam, I flew to Thailand and then spent two weeks exploring in Thailand and southern India. I ate so much delicious food, met a ton of people from all over the world, and got to explore beautiful temples and palaces! I may have gotten the worst sunburn of my life but I think it was worth it to be surrounded by this much natural beauty.

The beach at Phi Phi Don.

After the two weeks were up, I went to Kalpetta in India to start my first practicum, which was with SEEDS, an organization working in disaster relief and recovery. I supported their Community Health Empowerment program, which serves tribal youth in the Wayanad district through community improvement programs. While I was there, I had a chance to visit several of the tribal communities and assist with documentation of their project activities. However, I spent the majority of my time researching Kudumbashree, as SEEDS was hoping to get more of the tribal communities involved in this program.  Kudumbashree is a program that serves low-income women in Kerala (the Indian state which Wayanad sits in) through financial opportunity—job training, business creation, and microloans—as well as health, environment, and community programming. It was really interesting to have a chance to both read about it and to interview local government officials within the Kudumbashree offices about their work.

A pre-school in one of the tribal communities which the adolescents of the community rebuilt.

I was lucky enough to be working with a UNC alum, and it was great to have a piece of home when I was so far away. I was also very lucky to be surrounded by kind co-workers who set up fun things for us to do, taught me more about their culture, and welcomed me to India. In my first week there, my co-workers band had a concert on the hotel rooftop, and afterwards they all sang traditional songs together. We were also invited to the home of another co-worker, Harris, for Eid, to break the fast after Ramadan. His mom cooked us a ton of delicious chicken biryani and spicy lamb and would not take no for an answer when she offered seconds. On my last day in Kalpetta, I almost missed my bus to start my trip home, and wouldn’t have made it if one of my co-workers, Abu, hadn’t chased down the bus on his scooter and made it wait for me, while another, Tonia, grabbed us an auto to speed over to the bus. Getting to know them was absolutely one of the best parts of my practicum, and I am so grateful for everything they did for me.

My coworkers breaking fast after Ramadan.

Now, I’m back at home in the Washington, D.C. area, working as the Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) Intern for Save the Children US. My primary job is supporting the Interagency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises (IAWG) on a revamp of the ASRH Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings. I’m also helping to update some resources, and I’ll be supporting a team in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh as they lead their first Training of Trainers around ASRH in Emergencies. As someone who is interested in working on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in humanitarian crises, Save the Children is a really great place to be. I have access to information and updates on crises happening around the world and can follow the humanitarian response as it develops. I’ve also had a chance to complete a lot of e-learning courses focused around SRH in crises from various perspectives, which have helped me to get a better understanding of what this work looks like on the ground. It’s also been wonderful to meet people from all over the world who are doing the work I want to do, and to learn about their work. I’m excited to continue to learn and to be able to play even a small role in this very important sector of Public Health!

– Erin

Go raibh maith agat, HPRC! See you soon

Greetings from Corcaigh (Cork)! It’s hard to believe that I’m officially done with my internship in Galway and back with my partner in Cork. The 6 weeks with NUIG HPRC absolutely blew by and left me with so many meaningful, lasting connections. Things changed a bit since my last blog post—I was originally hoping to explore health outcomes among Traveller school-children and immigrant school-children, but due to a bit of a delay with the data cleaning around the immigrant variable, I ended up focusing solely on health outcomes among Traveller school-children. Although I’m disappointed I didn’t have time to explore the data on 1st and 2nd generation immigrant school-children in Ireland, the delay allowed me to dedicate all of my efforts to the Traveller data—and I got so much more out of it because of that. I was able to finish analyzing the mental health outcomes and had time to run bullying perpetration and victimization statistics, as well. I wrote up a report on Traveller school-children mental health outcomes compared to non-Traveller school-children, and am excited to hopefully get it published! We’ll be sharing it on the NUIG HPRC website and submitting it to the NIHS bulletin—unfortunately, I can’t tell y’all what we found until the National Report is published this fall. Check back into their website in October and read my report on Traveller School-Children Mental Health & Wellbeing to see what we found (  😊

Shout-out to the amazing team at HPRC!

With the newfound time I had without the immigrant data, I ended up reaching out to a few Traveller advocacy organizations around Ireland in an effort to find outlets for disseminating our findings. Their response was incredible—they’re hoping to get access to the infographics as soon as they can and use the data to spread awareness about health inequities in Ireland. I created about 20 infographics with a variety of data around bullying, social support, sexual health, and mental health. I can’t wait to share them with the community organizations once I’m allowed!

One of the (blinded) infographics about Traveller well-being.

Although I’m no longer in the HPRC office at NUIG, I know that it is not the end of my work with them. I am so incredibly grateful to the team’s dedication to improving the health and well-being of all of Ireland’s population. Their dedication to conducting research which ultimately informs policies and programs across Ireland is truly inspiring. Before my time with HPRC, I had conducted research in the private sector for pharmaceutical companies, and in the public sector at UNC. However, this was my first time working at the intersection of research and policy with an international organization, and I absolutely loved it. I’ll miss the friendly faces of the research team at HPRC, and the cows and horses I passed by each day on my walk to work. I’ll be back, HPRC! Until then, I’ve got one more Irish adventure camping on the coast of the Gaelic-speaking island of Cape Clear.

Camping in Clifden at Ireland’s only carbon-neutral accommodation.

Wish me luck!

– Casey

Dear, Zambia

Victoria Falls

This summer, I have been working as a research intern for the NIH-funded Methods for Prevention Packages Program (MP3) study. This multi-component intervention study is at its formative stage and primarily aims to explore if the secondary distribution of HIV self-test kits (SD-HIVST) to pregnant women will increase HIV testing among their male partners. It also plans to explore if the integration of adherence supporters and integrated next step counselling will improve ART and PrEP adherence among pregnant women in Lusaka, Zambia. As a result, I’ve spent most my time here strengthening data collection instruments, assessing questionnaire items, designing semi-structured interview guides, creating training materials for study protocols, and outlining the study’s logic model and timeline plan.

That said, I’ve learned a lot in terms of research design and HIV prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) in Zambia, but have also learned a lot about Zambian culture over the past 6 weeks.

If you read my first blog, The Path You Must Take, it may have seemed as though my bad luck with a missed connection flight turned into an amazing unexpected journey and phenomenal arrival to Zambia, which it did. However, if I tell you that this was not an isolated incident you may begin to think that I just have bad luck with transportation.

Well, this was not an isolated incident (ha ha).

12 p.m., June 21 – Two friends and I began our supposed 8-hour bus journey to Livingstone, Zambia, more famously known as one of the cities bordering Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and being in Zambia, it was a given that I must go to visit.

8 p.m., June 21 – This is the moment where I should be detailing my first impression of the city, but given my adventurous destiny, this is actually the moment where I realize we are in a conundrum.

At around sunset, our #1 recommended bus company breaks down. Now you may think “well these things happen all the time”, apparently not (which is probably a good thing in general but a bad thing for us).

Wall from Café Zambezi – Livingstone, Zambia

Where I have circled in yellow is approximately where I believe the bus broke down and what also appears to be the halfway point between Lusaka and Livingstone.

The bus.

As I mentioned earlier, it is around sunset when the bus breaks down so what you see here is about all I could see in person as well (I promise this story has a happy ending).

At this point, it’s pitch black outside with nothing nearby, extremely cold given its winter season in Zambia, poor signal and to top it off my friends and I hadn’t eaten for approximately 7 hours. The bus company informs us that they are trying to dispatch the nearest bus but that it would be a couple of hours. That said, the bus drivers attempted to help all of us get on passing buses that were on the way to various destinations.

My friends and I befriended a man by the name of Isaac who helped us drastically when it came to which bus to hop on and where to get off. By the time we arrived to Livingstone it was close to 1 a.m. and Isaac called us a cab to make sure we got to our hostel safely.

In front of the Devil Pools at Victoria Falls

This trip as a whole has not only shown me how to improve my analytical research skills but has also shown me the amazing familial-like ties people in Zambia are so quick to form. From being brought in to a baby shower like family, to being called “mama” out of respect everywhere I go, to then being protected and escorted by new friends on the bus – Zambia has been a phenomenal place with phenomenal people. I will truly miss it but let this not be goodbye forever.

Toki sio [see you later].

– Rebekah

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